Dasa padas are the songs which were composed during the Bhakti Movement in the medieval period of India.  Devotional Songs were composed by devotees in honour of Lord Vishnu and his avatars.. Dasapadas are sung in various ragas (metres).   Purandara Dasa is credited for the dasapadas literature and also for the founding father of Carnatic music.   It is noted  that another famous saint of bhakti movement , Swami Haridas, composer of Dhrupad  was a direct disciple of Purandara Das.   There exists many hundreds of popular songs in Kannad , where Sri Krishna is always introduced in the form as Udupu or Tirupati or Pandaripura or Velapura or Sriranga.  The songs are always accompanied by a “refrain”.   I am  presenting one such hymn by Purandara Das .

                                        HYMN

He Who lends money to relations is a fool;
He who entrusts a person with his money-bag is a fool;
He who is an impudent fellow is a great fool, O Master !
He who sells his own daughter to sustain himself is a fool;
He who lives in the house where his wife has been born is a fool;
He who uses bad language when poverty comes on is a fool;
He who has no fixed mind is a great fool, O Master!
He who plays with a serpent is a fool;
He who does not support the twenty-one families (kula) is a fool;
He who does not say ' O father Vithala ! is a fool;
He who does milks the mother, the calf of which has died is a fool, O master!
He who lends money without a pledge is a fool;
He who is brooding over eighty subjects is a fool;
He who uses bad language against his own mother is a great fool;
He who betrays the house in which he has eaten is a fool;
He who utters calumnies is a fool;
He who sees the glorious Purandara Vithala with the White-lotus eyes and does not worship him is a great fool, O Master!

 

 

 

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Vijay Singh

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