Drugs are blessed discoveries for the society and well-being of members of the society and not to cause any harm to any of its members but are also abused worldwide.
Drug abuse is when someone is using drugs in any way that causes them harm. It is not a matter of how much drugs the person is using, but how their use affects their life and the lives of those around them.
Drug abuse is a social problem that has spread and increased rapidly in our society, educational institutions too secondary schools, colleges and universities.
Effects of drug abuse and drug addiction
1 physical effect of drug addiction/ drug abuse
Some of the primary physical effects of drug addiction take place in the brain. The brain adapts to expect and depend on these drug induced highs.
Physical effect of drug addiction are also seen in babies of drug abusers as well as in mortality
contraction of HIV
Irregular heart rates
Respiratory problems such as lung cancer and breathing problems
changes in body temperature
2 Psychological effects of drug addiction
Wild mood swings
Decrease in pleasure in everyday life
desire to do increase Drug dose
A desire to engage in risky behaviour
3 Social effects
Increase in violence
4 Economic effects
Consequences of Drug Abuse for Individuals
Individuals who use drugs experience a wide variety/array of physical effects other than those expected .
Acute toxicity is the adverse effect produced by a drug followed by either a single exposure or multiple exposures. Heroine is found to have the greatest direct psychological toxicity and hallucinogens in general have the least direct toxicity.
Long term health problem
The long-term adverse effect of cigarette smoking are that problems that reduce life expectancy by an average of 10 years
Drugs taken intravenously can lead to complications related to this route of delivery.
Drug abuse including alcohol is the major cause of traffic accidents. Nearly 40% of all deaths from traffic accidents is mainly due to alcohol intoxication or influence of other drugs and an estimated 18% of drivers are aged 16 to 20 .
School related problems
Absenteeism from school
Dropping out of school
Downfall in academic and extracurricular performance
Risky sexual practices
Individuals mostly adolescents who use drugs and alcohol are most likely to have sex, initiate sex at a younger age, have multiple sex partners and may indulge in un-natural sexual practice. As a result drug users are at a greater risk for unplanned pregnancies, HIV /AIDS , hepatitis C and other sexually transmitted diseases .
Other problems are
Today there is need of strong commitment to build the criminal justice system and the police throughout the world,to maintain peace , law and order in every nation and to stop economic losses because of drug abuse.
With best regards