My humble Pranaams to everyone reading this post or watching its video (here). In this presentation, I would like to discuss the Indian Penal Code (IPC) or the Human Law, and Virtuous Penal Code (VPC) or the Divine Law. Before proceeding further, I invoke the blessings of Goddess Kamatchi, and my Gurus Sri Satya Sai Baba and Om Swami. My gratitude to the respected Kavanagar for some original ideas in this talk.


IPC – Indian Penal Code

We all know that every country has its set of laws for the citizens of that country. Those laws enable life to proceed with minimal confusion. For example, there are several laws about traffic rules, vehicle ownership, and so on in India. In India, many of these laws appear under the IPC – Indian Penal Code. If the law says that we must keep to our left, we can’t exert our will and say that we’ll drive on the right! That will result in a catastrophe.

However, these same laws ‘formed by the people for the people’ are entitled to amendments as needed. Also, many people escape without punishment or penalty even if they deviate some rules. We often notice people violating serious laws by exerting influence through unfair ways, disrespecting the national anthem, etc. Unfortunately, though there are many gadgets to monitor these days, there are still many violators. Somehow people escape despite committing significant violations. Perhaps, that is an administrative flaw. Anyway, my main point of focus here is that people may get away even if there are laws. Yet, they can never bypass the VPC!


VPC – Virtuous Penal Code

Just like there is IPC in India, there is a Universal Law. We could term that as Virtuous Penal Code or Dharmic Penal Code!  These are laws set by Nature, and none can influence their way out of it. Perhaps, some can modify it through Tapasya or austerities. Still, they will ultimately face the consequences. For example, let’s take the current situation of Covid-19. Despite all developments, we can’t trace the exact cause or a quick remedy for it. Why should this happen?

The Hindu beliefs say that these are the results of our collective Karma. We reap the benefits of our actions. Here on Earth, the rules are the same for all human beings. If we live a life following the Virtuous Penal Code, like honesty, love, and compassion, we will reap good results. Also, the Hindus believe that a soul identifies the parents and enters this world based on their Karma. If someone accumulates good Karma, they can choose a progressive environment in their next birth!

The Karma that we carry into this world is known as Prarabdha Karma or accumulated merits and demerits. Once again, we collect many new Karma through our actions and even words in this current birth. That is called Agami Karma or the immediate future. And, Vartamana Karma is the choices we make in the present. Like the money stored in a bank, the aggregate of these Karma is our Sanchita Karma. If we have good Karma, that’s called our Punya. If our Karma is otherwise, it is our Paapa.

Interestingly, depending on someone’s baggage from past lives, even siblings growing in the same conditions behave and grow up differently. They have different tendencies that decide their life situations. That is due to their accumulated Karma, which pertains to each soul separately. Now, there are also collective Karma. The collective actions, words, and even thoughts of the majority manifest. That is why the scriptures say that we’re all connected, and this universe is called Vasudeva Kutumbakam. That is, we are one collective family of the Divine Lord Vishnu.

So, the next time you are suffering and asking yourself, ‘what have I done to deserve this?’, know that there’s more happening than you can think! As the rain pours and covers all the areas, our collective Karma affects everyone. It doesn’t differentiate between good, bad, rich, poor, religious, or irreligious. According to faith, such situations wouldn’t arise if we all could change our attitude and be respectful of the Virtuous Penal Code! Even if we can’t change others, we can at least change our mindset. We can stop being dishonest and selfish, and be more mindful of other’s pain. We can learn to live and let live!

Please check out my audio version of this post by clicking here.

Om Kamatchi Namaha!



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Kalyaan Ramachandran


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